“惊心动魄”的敦煌遗书,居然和鬼有关

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佛陀说王的国王给了四个修复前的学生到了纯净的土地。

年:晚唐五代

材料:油墨纸,彩绘

尺寸:垂直:30厘米×水平:615.2厘米

西藏:法国国家图书馆收集了博西和敦煌的手稿

敦煌后记

文/阿旺

《佛说十王经》,全名是《佛说阎罗王授记四众预修生七往生净土经》(简称《十王经》或《阎罗王授记经》),写于晚唐五代。十大国王信仰的形成是由于佛教地狱,业力思想,三个世界的转世和中国传统的思想。幽灵和灵魂的结合。

它主要是关于神圣城市阿维亚提河中的佛陀,在两棵树之间,当时为涅,为菩萨,龙王,四王,天皇,泰山富士,秘书记录部五大神,地狱等官员。说服众生创造这经文和雕像,以推荐死者的灵魂,并制作一个七十七世纪的雕像来报告他们父母的恩典,使他们能够登上天堂。

从七,二十七到七七,一百,一年,三年的人民去世后,死者的灵魂将一个接一个地穿过十大王宫,死者的家属必须祈求十位国王敬拜崇拜,写下雕像,你可以拉出灵魂的灵魂,这样它就不会生出三种邪恶(道路),而不是生成所有的大地狱,并且天堂。

如果这十位国王是歌手,他们会在国王中停滞不前并停留一年。如果活着的人预先修理了这个七岁的孩子,他将在每个月的第十五和三十三岁时举行禁食。 “提供三宝,为十大国王祈祷,修复名字,打六曹”,这样在死后,你可以“给予快乐”。在一天结束时,我不想生活在阴雨四十九天,而不是等待男女争取帮助。“

手绘卷轴。图片充满了图片,完整的纸张的第一个和最后一个画长卷轴。这幅画完全保留了古代彩绘插图的原始外观。它是彩色漫画的早期样本,在绘画史上具有一定的价值。

In this paper, the first question《佛说阎罗王授记四众预修生七往生净土经》, the tail question《佛说十王经》, the content includes scriptures, praises, and 14 painted illustrations: 1. The first Sakyamuni statement; 2. The six Buddha figure; 3. Hold The black scorpion is the black horse black messenger; 4. The first seven days passed Qin Guangwang; 5. The second seven days passed the early Jiang Wang; 6. The third day passed the Song emperor; 7. The fourth day passed the five official king; King of Luo on the fifth day; 9. Become king on the sixth day; 10. King of Taishan on the seventh day; 11. King of Equality on the eighth day; 12. King of the city in the ninth year; In the thirteenth year, the five-way revolver king; 14. pardon relief map. The style is simple and rarity. It is one of the three kinds of scrolls that were taken from the French National Library by the French Pelliot and from Dunhuang.

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The first picture is the first painting of the volume

Sakyamuni sat on the rosette in a statement, on both sides of the Buddha disciple Sheriff and Mianlian. The ten kings symmetry sit on the two sides of the Buddha, and each of the ten kings has two judges. In the middle position, on both sides of the altar are the dynasty monks and the two good and evil boys.

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The second picture depicts the six bodhisattvas

Headed by the Tibetan Bodhisattva, Yu is the Guanyin Bodhisattva, the Dragon Tree Bodhisattva, the Longevity Bodhisattva, the Dharani Bodhisattva and the Diamond Buddha. It shows the important position of the Tibetan Bodhisattva in the belief of the Ten Kings.

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The third picture shows a black dresser taking a black horse and putting a black 幡

For the king of the king to send to the death of the merits.

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The fourth picture depicts the dead on the 17th and the Qin Guangwang

After Qin Guangwang’s case in the temple, he set up a good and evil virgin. There is an official who is reporting. The former sinner of the second Daisy Lock has been brought to the right, and the right-handed woman holds the woman, symbolizing her good deeds during her lifetime. It shows the different treatments of “good” and “bad” people.

xx秦光王:黑社会十大王中的第一位国王。在旅程的第七天照顾死者。一个人去世后,他第一次到这里来衡量他生命中的罪恶。

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图纸中的第五位死者之王有两条七早河

在图中,河的第一位国王坐在国王的情况下,穿着牛仔布的冠,穿着大衣和大袖官服。桥头穿着长袍,穿着长袍,并拥有一名官员。死者在河里。有善良的业力的善良女人,然后上帝将从桥上自由地走。

有罪的人正在过河。其中一人戴着镣铐,一个鬼急忙赶去追赶。它表现出赞美。 “两个死人正在过河,成千上万的队伍参与了江波,一路领先于公牛和肩膀,敦促鬼魂。”清朝“的情况表明,”好“和”有“不同的治疗方法。坏“人。

王楚江:黑社会十大王中的第二位国王。又称楚江王。穿越河流是死者的守卫。传说死后,中间的身体在27日(第二个七天)到了国王的大厅。

与此同时,有必要经过三都河(即讷河)。在河下的领树下,有一个脱衣舞娘。当该人死亡时,死者的衣服被剥去并移交给吊索的分支。如果罪恶很重,树枝垂下来,两头公牛领着马路并催促马头将去皇家宫廷接受审判。

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第六幅图描绘了第31天和第7天宋代皇帝栖息地的死者

死者戴岱被顽固的匆匆赶去。

宋皇帝:黑社会十大王的第三任国王。根据《阎罗王授记经》和《地藏菩萨发心因缘十王经》,这位国王是犯罪的阴险。死者将在第三天前往第二河岸的国王大厅。

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第七张照片描绘了在五个官方寺庙之后的第4和第7个死人

寺内有一种专业可以衡量死者的善行和邪恶。

五个指挥官:黑社会十大王的第四位国王。那是在三江建立一个俚语罪孽的大厅。主厅的左侧和右侧有一所房子。左边有一个高台,舞台上有刻度,工匠熟练,七个鳞片悬挂,身体的七个罪是严重的。 Yiye没有衡量金额。当你看到镜子时,你可以看到镜子。

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第八张照片描绘了国王的第57天死者。

寺庙工业镜可以准确地反映前人的行为。这个工业镜子展现了戴志硕在他活着时屠杀动物罪的现场。它表明死者的行为被记录下来,不可能逃脱冥王星的判断。这对人们来说可能是一个巨大的冲击。

在这张照片中,西藏菩萨和侏罗纪国王坐在一起。僧侣和金毛猎犬伴随着道教菩萨,西藏菩萨为死者带来希望。

罗洛王:黑社会十大王者之王。又称恶魔罗王,侏罗纪子,恶魔等名。照顾死者去世后的第五天和第七天。在十位国王中,只有“魔王”才是印度固有的。传说它是当地的西藏菩萨。在死者去世后的第五天,在皇家大厅前,定罪很轻。

根据《预修十王生七经》,魔鬼宫既有光明王园,也有好姓宫。在前者的中心,有一面商业镜子(网是一面镜子)。当死者来到前线时,在出生之前就知道善恶,众神都是胜利的。这个好名字是西藏菩萨及其属。你住在哪里。

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第九张照片描绘了死者在六七天后成为国王的情况

用两种不同的善恶行业画出不同的水果。好人把云带到天堂,恶人被锁在地狱里。 “周日只看到功绩,天堂和地狱都需要,”强调了所有人的功绩的重要性。

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第十张照片描绘了泰山王上七七七的死亡人数

For the Zhongyin stage, seven seventy-four forty-nine days came to an end. Chinese traditional folk beliefs believe that the soul of death is attributed to Mount Tai, and the status of Taishan Prefecture is deeply rooted in the folk. This may be the reason why King Taishan was placed on the 7th and 7th.

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The eleventh picture depicts the dead man’s 100-day pass to the Pingzheng Temple

Depicting the tragic situation of the deceased being beaten and wounded, persuading the male and female sentient beings to work hard to cultivate merits, and to avoid the prisoner.

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The twelfth picture depicts the dead one year over the city king

At this point, the reincarnation of Wang Shiliu was still undecided, and he persuaded all sentient beings to create a statue.

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The thirteenth picture depicts the dead three years over five runners

The five-wheeled runner is dressed in armor and dressed as a military commander. There are five paintings in the picture, and the soul of the dead will be transferred to the next generation of reincarnation. There is also a shelf with animal skin on the top of the picture. It seems that the judgment is effective immediately. Once it enters the animal, it will immediately cover the animal skin to be used.

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The fourteenth picture is the last picture of the dead man's relief map

Give people the hope of being freed from the yin, life and death cycle. In the picture, the dead are suffering from the hell guards of the bullheads. Wenyu: Ten is full, free from the crime of ten evils, letting them ascend to heaven, indicating that they are striving to repair their merits, and the sins of Hengsha have died. On the side, the Tibetan Bodhisattva gave hope to the dead being rescued.

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